Traditional Washington STARS Online

A good early childhood curriculum is based on how children develop and learn. It consists of a wide range of concepts, experiences, and materials designed to meet the developmental needs of the group of children.

Discussion Board Assignment

Assignment A

Let's Share! Tips and Ideas

Favorite Sensory Activity


Discussion Board Assignment

Assignment B

Will it help or will it hurt? Pre-K Classroom Scenario

Participate in the discussion board.


Click here for the Handout: Will it Help or Will it Hurt?

Discussion Board Assignment

Assignment C

The Caregiver’s Role in Helping Children Learn

Participate in the discussion board.


Click here for the Handout: The Caregiver’s Role in Helping Children Learn



Planning Activities Based on Children’s Needs

This course is designed to teach participants how to plan activities for a group of children based on their ages and individual needs. It introduces the role caregivers have in guiding and directing the child’s learning process. 

Module 3 Agenda



Each child is a unique person with an individual pattern of timing and growth. Children have individual personalities, temperaments, learning styles, experiences, and family backgrounds. Caregivers need to keep individual differences in mind when planning activities for children.

This course is based on information on pages 41-70 in the Child Care Center Licensing Guidebook, 2nd ed. (2006). DEL-LC 2001 (x) 10/06.

Concepts covered:

  • Components of a child-centered learning environment
  • How to observe children and use information obtained through observation to plan activities based on their individual developmental stages and needs
  • Age and individually appropriate play materials



Learning Outcomes


Goal 1:

Demonstrate knowledge of how to plan activities based on the ages and needs of individual children.


Participants will be able to:

  • Identify from a things in a child care environment that can help or hurt a child engaged in play and learning activities

  • Identify components of a child-centered learning environment,


  1. Child-Centered Learning Environments
  2. Being a Good Observer
  3. Planning Activities Based on Observation
  4. Allowing for Individual Differences
  5. The Caregiver’s Role in Helping Children Learn




Recommended Resources


Bronson, M.B. (1995). The right stuff for children birth to 8: Selecting play materials to support development. Washington, DC: National Association for the Education of Young Children.

Cryer, D., Harms, T., & Bourland, B. (1991). Active learning series: Infants, one’s, two’s, and three’s. St. Paul, MN: Toys ‘n Things Press.

Dodge, D.T. (2002). The creative curriculum for preschool. Albany, NY: Thomson Delmar Learning.

Gardiner, W.H., & Kosmitzki, C., (2002). Lives across cultures: Cross-cultural human development (2nd ed). Boston, MA: Allyn & Bacon.

Gay, G., (2002). Culturally responsive teaching: Theory, research and practice. New York. Teachers College Press.

Gonzalez-Mena, J. (2001) Multicultural issues in child care. Mountain View, CA: Mayfield Publishing Company.

Greenfield, R., Cocking, P. (Eds.) (1994). Cross-cultural roots of minority child development. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Publishers.

Haas, C.D., (1987). Look at me: Creative learning activities for babies and toddlers. Chicago Review Press Incorporated.

Hirsch, E.S. (Ed.). (1996). The block book (rev. ed.). Washington, DC: National Association for the Education of Young Children.

Hohmann, M., & Weikart, D. (2002). Educating young children: Active learning practices for preschool and childcare programs (2nd Ed.). Ypsilanti, MI: High/ Scope Educational Research Foundation.

Shade, B.J.R., Kelly, C., & Oberg, M. (2001). Creating culturally responsive classrooms. Washington DC: American Psychological Association.



Online Resources


For additional information on child development, we have provided links to optional resources and articles which you may choose to read and save on your computer. The links below may be for third-party websites. We do not control the content on third-party websites, which means that the web pages can be moved or changed at any time without our knowledge. We check the links below on a regular basis, however we are unable to guarantee that they will be functional at all times. If the link does not work, you can copy the title of the resource and paste it into Yahoo or Google to search for the location of the new page.

Articles/websites are for resource purposes only and are not necessarily the opinions of Successful Solutions or our trainers.


Website Links:


Teach Preschool

Pre-K Pages

TEACHER-TEACHER: Resources For Early Childhood Educators

HeidiSongs: Sing-Along Songs that Teach!

PreKinders: Resources for Pre-K Teachers

Science: Preschool Activities and Crafts

Treasures 4 Teachers

Teaching 2 and 3 Year Olds

Centers & Circle Time

Songs for Teaching About the Weather and the Seasons

Songs for Teaching the Calendar: Days of the Week & Months of the Year

Children Who Just Watch

Play Modifications for Children with Disabilities, Beyond the Journal, May 2003

The Early Learning Community


Planning Activities Based on Children’s Needs


Chapter 1Chapter 2Chapter 3Chapter 4


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